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Title: Эвалюцыя грамадскага ладу і міжнароднай палітыкі сучаснай Польшчы
Authors: Часноўскі, Мечыслаў Эдвардавіч
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Политика и политические науки
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 1998. — № 2
Abstract: Large-scale changes are underway in the country which is barely over with being socialist and bearing the name of the Polish People's Republic: a transformation of the old economic and social system is progressing and new international goals are being outlined. Poland was the first among the countries of the former socialist camp to take this path. The socialpolitical locomotive of this process was the legendary all-Polish trade-union 'Solidarity', it was its leaders who took the risk of carrying out the "shock therapy" policy which turned out to be the most radical one in the post-socialist countries. The reform didn't run smooth. The reformers pushed the solution of social problems to the background and lost the confidence of the people. The parliament elections of 1993 brought to power their recent opponents- communists who seemed to have been crushed. The main stronghold of the 'Solidarity' fell in 1995 — Lech Walesa gave up the President's place to the Social-Democrat AJexandr Kwasnewsky. But the mosl recent elections (1.997) gave a sweeping success to the right-wing 'Solidarity' again. The reasons for the shifts in the political sympathies in Poland remain in the social and economic spheres. The big state plants are still in crisis, with up to 50% of all workforce in the country employed there, the systemic restructuring has manifested its positive results there least of all. The crucial question for the present ruling elite is paying the voters' bill of credit. For the policy of regulated limitation of social rights has been traditional for the right-wing forces. Poland may be expected to encounter new surprises at the next elections, caused by the failure to meet the workers' expectations. The daring and difficult stage of general civic, social, economic and political reformation culminated in adopting the Constitution of the Republic of Poland in 1997. The new fundamental iaw confirmed the transition from totalitarianism to democracy as it was dictated by the spirit of the epoch. Poland seeks comprehensive economic cooperation and integration with the West, regarding this path as a guarantee of swift economic reforms and overcoming the barriers in development. Integration into the European Union ranks first. It has been spontaneously going on from the beginning of the 90s. In December 1997 the country got the approval for tile next stage of the integration - the negotiations for joining the Community. Three important objectives should secure a high position of Poland in European and world economy: technological and structural modernization, discharching the debts and joining the EU. The implementation of this policy should take the period till 2010. The foreign policy of Poland turned in the 90s from the East towards the West. The priority is joining the European collective security structures NATO and West European Union. There is an opinion that took shape in Polish society that this course is going to ensure the inclusion of the country into the European security system as a full-fledged partner but not as a liege. Another foreign policy priority of Poland is friendly relation with neighbours. Its legal realization has already secured the conclusion of treaties on cooperation with neighbours; though all of them are new environment for Poland. Real friendly reiations take time to shape, especially regarding Russia. The revival of neo-imperial Russian policy can not be discounted which might threaten the sovereignty of Poland. The third priority of Polish foreign policy is an active part in all-European affairs complemented by real influence along the regional and Baltic axes. If could be hindered by the German-Russian rapprochement which already took place in history. That is why Polish concept is based on the admission of the rapprochement of Russia and the Federal Republic of Germany only in the degree which is commensurate with the strengthening of the European positions of the Polish State. Polish diplomacy considers as the indisputable achievements of the recent years in foreign policy the recognition of the western border of Poland by the government of the reunited Germany and the peaceful withdrawal of Soviet (Russian) troops from its territory and it hopes that the admission of the Repubfic of Poland to NATO will be the third success.
Description: Раздел - "Международное право"
URI: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/30435
Appears in Collections:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 1998. — № 2

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