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Title: Беженцы в Республике Беларусь
Other Titles: Refugees in the Republic of Belarus (Ludmila Sericova)
Authors: Серикова, Людмила Михайловна
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Комплексные проблемы общественных наук
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2000. — № 5: Специальный выпуск к 50-летию Управления Верховного комиссара ООН по делам беженцев
Abstract: General migration of the population on the whole of the post-soviet territory formed a background for the problem of refugees which the Republic of Belarus came up against in the early 90s. The first years of the emergence of the state of Belarus witnessed the country receiving on average about 10,000 forced migrants a year. The expanding scale and forms of population migration required establishing of a system of state regulation of migration processes. The state migration service was established in 1992 and developing of migration legislation started. The law of the Republic of Belarus "On Refugees", adopted in 1995, began to be partially enforced in 1997 and came into full force in 1998. June 1999 saw coming into force of the Law "On Refugees" in its new wording. As a result of cooperation with the UNHCR and active participation of Belarus in the Geneva Conference process on migration problems of the CIS, the state policy relating to refugees is based on the norms and principles of international law. The definition of the concept of "the refugee" fully corresponds to the same concept contained in the 1952 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. According to national legislation social and economic rights of refugees are equal to those of the Republic of Belarus citizens. As of November1, 2000 the Republic of Belarus has recognized the status of refugees for 422 foreigners, including 330 persons form Afghanistan, 13 — from Ethiopia, 35 from Georgia, 17 — from Tajikistan, 14 — from Azerbaijan, 4 — from Iran and one from each country of India, Iraq, Liberia and Rwanda. Structurally, there are 37 % recognized refugee women and 63 % — men, about 60 % of refugees are able-bodied persons, 33 % are children under 16 years of age and only 7 % are over the retirement age. One-third of the refugees are college graduates or have secondary vocational education and 28 % have secondary education, which is the evidence of rich human resource presented by foreigners recognized as refugees in the Republic of Belarus. Their sufficiently high labour potential could contribute to the development of our country. In Belarus, like in the neighbouring countries, forced migration is inextricably connected with illegal migration. Foreigners—illegal migrants to Belarus often pretend to be refugees to legalise their position. For the West our state serves as a kind of barrier and it has to bear extra expenses to contain flows of illegal migrants trying to get to Western Europe. The Republic of Belarus is entitled to expect adequate international assistance in solving the problems of migration, because the way of regulation of migration processes in our state would determine migration stability in Europe. The present stage of migration processes management makes it the priority for the state to provide for the integration of refugees, to provide the conditions for their active participation in the life of society. This is the focus of the activities both of the state bodies and the non-government sector with the UNHCR's support. Further perfecting of legislation on refugees lies ahead, with the Republic of Belarus being envisaged to join the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol in near future. The progress the UNHCR Office in Belarus and the state bodies have made together permits to hope for further cooperation and attracting international assistance to solve the refugees' problems.
Description: Раздел - "50 лет Управлению Верховного комиссара Организации Объединенных Наций по делам беженцев"
URI: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/30090
Appears in Collections:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2000. — № 5

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