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Title: Праблема рэпатрыяцыі бежанцаў і адкрыццё Польскага консульства ў Мінску (1921 - 1924 гг.)
Other Titles: The Problem of the Refugee Repatriation and Opening of the Polish Consulate in Minsk (1921 - 1924) (Valery Tsynkevich)
Authors: Цынкевіч, Валерый Міхайлавіч
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::История. исторические науки
ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Политика и политические науки
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Международное общественное объединение по изучению ООН и информационно-образовательным программам
Citation: Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2001. — № 3
Abstract: One of the results of the Soviet-Polish war and the Riga Peace Treaty of March 1921 was the diplomatic recognition of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR) by Poland. In August 1921 Polish representatives made several attempts to start negotiations with the BSSR authorities on the exchange of the diplomatic representatives. These attempts encountered opposition from Soviet Russia and failed. Nevertheless, several commissions created in accordance with the Riga Treaty were opened in Minsk. One of the most active and important was the Division of the Repatriation Commission located in Moscow. Minsk was one of the two designated border crossing points for thousands of refugees, returning home to Poland from the Soviet republics. Therefore in July 1921 upon the request of Belarusian authorities a division of the Moscow repatriation commission was opened in Minsk. Its main responsibility was assistance to refugees and confirmation of Polish citizenship for those who wanted to return to Poland. From the Belarusian side assistance to refugees was rendered b y the Belarusian Commission on Evacuation (Belevac) of the Central Commission on Evacuation of the People's Committee on Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. From June to October 1921 lists for 116 911 refugees were made in Minsk. After similar repatriation commissions started to work in several Russian and Ukrainian cities, the activity of the one in Minsk slowed down. From April to October 1922 13 449 persons registered in Minsk left for Poland, (12 047 of them — Belarusians by nationality) and 90 793 registered elsewere transited through Minsk. Registration of the refugees in Minsk was finished in the end of 1923. Although the main responsibility of the Polish delegation of the Division of the Moscow Repatriation Commission in Minsk was rendering assistance to the refugees, mainly in providing documents proving Polish citizenship, Belarusian authorities regarded it in part as the Polish representation in BSSR. The notification on creating the USSR was made to the Polish Embassy in Moscow and Polish repatriation commission in Minsk. Opening of the Polish consulate in Minsk was one of the conditions of the recognition of the USSR by Poland. In December 1923 Soviet authorities agreed on that condition — among several others — and a consulate in Minsk was opened officially in March 1924, several months prior to the signing of Soviet-Polish consular convention of July 18, 1924.
Description: Раздел - "Международные отношения"
URI: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/29387
Appears in Collections:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2001. — № 3

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