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Title: Белорусско-итальянские отношения в 1990-х гг.
Other Titles: Belarusian-Italian Relations in the 1990s (Oksana Mishurovskaya)
Authors: Мишуровская, Оксана Евгеньевна
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::История. исторические науки
ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Экономика и экономические науки
ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Политика и политические науки
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Международное общественное объединение по изучению ООН и информационно-образовательным программам
Citation: Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2002. — № 4
Abstract: Expansion of cooperation with Western European countries in all spheres became one of the priorities of the foreign policy of the Republic of Belarus after it gained independence. Taking into account the geopolitical situation of Italy and its historical involvement in the policy of big powers, this country cannot be dismissed as an unimportant element in modern international relations. The large-scale cooperation of Belarus and Italy was promoted by state political contacts which were instrumental in shaping the legal-treaty base, trade and economic cooperation and in developing common orientation in foreign policy on international problems. Two periods can be identified in the history of the inter-state relations of Belarus and Italy. The first (1992—1996) is characterized by the development of such aspects of bilateral relations as formation of legal base, growth of economic links, creation and implementation of projects in humanitarian and cultural fields. The second period which began in 1996 and is going on was determined by the cooling of Belarusian-Italian relations and reduction of political contracts which had a negative effect in all fields of bilateral cooperation. The analysis of the trade turnover between the two countries shows that it does not realize its potential. But even with the comparatively small volume of Belarusian-Italian trade, it still ranks third in the general export volume and second in the general import volume among the leading countries of Western Europe. The author points out the potential of Belarus which is mainly characterized by highly-skilled labour force and unexplored market of consumer goods and instruments. The latter can drive the sales to a larger Russian market. The negative factors hindering economic cooperation comprise administrative complexity, frequent changes in tax law, investment bills and variations in customs tariffs and payments. It is necessary to emphasize that the humanitarian and cultural relations are developing most successfully. Italy leads among the countries of Western Europe in expanding rehabilitation programmes for children from Belarus on its territory and in adoption of orphaned children. Joint cultural actions and humanitarian projects supported by the embassies and various institutions of the two ountries contribute to a great extent to the development of friendly ties between the citizens of the two states creating an atmosphere of mutual trust.
Description: Раздел - "Международные отношения"
URI: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/29221
Appears in Collections:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2002. — № 4

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