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Заглавие документа: Органиационно-правовые средства обеспечения реализации норм по защите культурных ценностей в период вооружённого конфликта в международном механизме имплементации международного гуманитарного права
Другое заглавие: Organizational Legal Means of Ensuring Realization of Cultural Heritage Protection Norms During a Military Conflict in the International Implementation Mechanism of International Humanitarian Law (Vitaly Kalugin)
Авторы: Калугин, Виталий Юрьевич
Тема: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Государство и право. Юридические науки
Дата публикации: 2001
Издатель: Международное общественное объединение по изучению ООН и информационно-образовательным программам
Библиографическое описание источника: Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2001. — № 3
Аннотация: The article is devoted to examination of the legal content of the means of ensuring realization of international humanitarian law norms regulating cultural heritage protection during a military conflict. The necessity of the examination has become topical since the recent changes in international legal regulation of cultural heritage protection: the adoption of Protocol II to the 1954 Hague Convention on cultural heritage protection during a military conflict. The author reveals the genesis of international legal regulation of issues dealing with realization of a complex of norms providing cultural heritage protection at the international level during a military conflict. The provisions of Executive Regulations as an integral part of the given international treaty laid for a long time in the basis of ensuring the realization norms of the 1954 Hague convention. When characterizing international control envisaged b y the Executive Regulations as organizational legal means, Yu. V. Kalugin notes that it has a three-tier system complex consisting of a Special Rapporteur on cultural heritage (special representative) of the state-participant in the military conflict, the Patron state and the General Commissioner on cultural heritage. International law development based on the willingness to strengthen cultural heritage protection has led to the elaboration of n ew means of the issue solution. The author refers the following to such complementary means of international implementation mechanism: — Organization of international monitoring in accordance with the Executive Regulations to the 1954 Hague Convention on cultural heritage protection during a military conflict; — Institutional mechanism defined in Chapter 6 of Protocol II (dated 26.3.1999) to the 1954 Hague Convention on cultural heritage protection during a military conflict; — Joint actions, through the Committee mediatorship or individually, in coordination with the U N and UNESCO and in accordance with the U N Charter. The article underlines that the international implementation mechanism of the international humanitarian law norms also envisages the means aimed to provide realization of international legal norms on cultural heritage protection alongside with organizational legal means of providing realization of the 1949 Geneva Convention and 1977 Additional Protocol I. The international community continues to perfect the mechanism framework during the codification process and progressive development of this branch of international law. The recent alterations of the international legal regulation on cultural heritage show that an active search is underway of the most effective approaches called upon to provide for international commitments on limitation of tragic consequences of military conflicts and preservation of cultural and historical heritage of mankind.
Доп. сведения: Раздел - "Международное право", рубрика - "Международное гуманитарное право"
URI документа: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/29340
Располагается в коллекциях:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2001. — № 3

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