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Title: Культура ў праграмах Еўрапейскага саюза
Other Titles: Culture in the European Union Programmes (Dmitry Krivoshey)
Authors: Крывашэй, Дзмітрый Антонавіч
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Культура. Культурология
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Международное общественное объединение по изучению ООН и информационно-образовательным программам
Citation: Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2004. — № 3
Abstract: The article explores the history of the development of cultural cooperation in the EU framework. The author points out the fact that the European Union had not put forward any great cultural initiatives before the late 1980s. The competence of the European Union institutions came to include cultural issues comparatively late. It took quite a long time to develop the appropriate institutional instruments. In 1987 the Commission made a report "A Fresh Boost for Culture in the European Community" which laid out a general programme in five main fields of activities. The programme served as a basis for further developments in the sphere of culture. 1989 saw the establishment of a special Cultural Affairs Committee within the EU. In the same year the Committee issued a report "Culture for the European Citizen in 2000" which contained a long-term programme in all spheres of culture. In the early 1990s the EU financed a number of cultural projects. The top of the list was taken by the programmes on protection of the common European heritage. 1985 saw the beginning of the project "The European Cultural Capital". The programme "Kaleidoscope" was in existence since 1992, the Programme "Media-95" — since 1990—1995, etc. Fundamental changes in international cultural cooperation in Europe were made by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. Article 128 laid the legal basis for the development of the EU activities in the realm of culture. In this direction the European Union has been closely collaborating with the Council of Europe. The EU activities in culture are financed by the budget of the European Union, the budgets of the member-states and by sponsors. In 1991 the European Committee — CEREC (Comite Europeen pour le Rapprochement de l'Economie et de la Culture) was established to promote sponsorship at the international level. In 2000 the European Parliament adopted a new programme "Culture 2000" which replaced the former "Kaleidoscope" (cultural activities), "Ariane" (books and reading), "Raphael" (cultural heritage). The main change in the approach of the European Commission to cultural programmes lies in focusing on common aspects of the European cultural heritage which should promote the EU countries integration. The author concludes with the idea that Belarus' joining some programmes of the European Union will enable it to master the experience of the member-countries where culture has been developing in the market conditions and in the open society over decades. The cultural policy patterns are determined there by the correlation of the market requirements with the participation in high culture events, by the national identity protection and also by the protection of their own culture markets which is very important in the situation of globalization.
Description: Раздел - "Международные отношения"
URI: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/28940
Appears in Collections:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2004. — № 3

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